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Condensed Matter > Statistical Mechanics

Title: Thermodynamic speed limits for co-evolving systems

Abstract: Previously derived "global" thermodynamic speed limit theorems state that increasing the maximum speed with which a system can evolve between two given probability distributions over its states requires the system to produce more entropy in its evolution. However, these theorems ignore that many systems are not monolithic, but instead comprise multiple subsystems that interact according to an (often sparse) network. Indeed, most naturally-occurring and human-engineered systems of increasing complexity can be decomposed into sets of co-evolving subsystems, where there exist a priori constraints on the dynamics of each subsystem, restricting which other subsystems can affect its dynamics. Here we derive three new SLTs that account for the thermodynamic effects of such constraints. Our first new speed limit strengthens the global speed limit. While our other two SLTs do not have this guarantee, in some situations they are even stronger than our first speed limit. Our results establish that a stochastically evolving system will, on average, produce more entropy in evolving between two distributions within a given time simply due to its comprising multiple, co-evolving subsystems. We illustrate our results with numerical calculations involving a model of two cells sensing and storing information about their environment.
Comments: 8 pages, 3 figures; Supplementary information provided as a separate PDF
Subjects: Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech)
Cite as: arXiv:2107.12471 [cond-mat.stat-mech]
  (or arXiv:2107.12471v3 [cond-mat.stat-mech] for this version)

Submission history

From: Farita Tasnim [view email]
[v1] Mon, 26 Jul 2021 20:55:41 GMT (27821kb,D)
[v2] Sun, 15 Aug 2021 22:36:47 GMT (25779kb,D)
[v3] Sat, 4 Dec 2021 07:00:54 GMT (8168kb,AD)

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